PROFESSOR WILSON PARAWIRA

Prof Wilson Parawira

PERSONAL INFORMATION

CURRENT WORK EXPERIENCE

Sep 2012 to present

Executive Dean and Professor of Biotechnology
Faculty of Science
Bindura University of Science Education
P Bag 1020
Bindura
Zimbabwe

Responsibilities

Playing a pivotal role in the University’s senior management structure, providing overall leadership and management functions to the Faculty which includes administration and management of the Faculty’s finances. Also responsible for all Faculty planning and control in specific areas of human resources, budgeting, academic programmes, equipment and other faculty matters.

Responsible to the Vice Chancellor for:-

  • The character and quality of the Faculty’s academic programmes and teaching;
  • The proper direction, control and management of the staff, property, equipment and finances of the faculty;
  • Contributing to the evolution and maintenance of an environment conducive to learning at the University.
  • Planning and control of the Faculty’s budget
  • Implementing the policies and objectives of the University and the Faculty through the development and delivery of sound and innovative programmes, the promotion of excellence in teaching and research for the Faculty through partnerships and linkages with other universities as well as other organisations.
  • Developing and maintaining relations with alumni of the Faculty and with other organizations and persons, with a view to enriching the academic programmes offered by the Faculty
  • Soliciting funds and other assistance to support programmes and projects of the Faculty
  • Co-operating with other faculties, agencies and entities to further the programmes and projects of the Faculty.
  • Quality Assurance of the Faculty activities.
  • Fostering and maintaining a comprehensive and conducive learning environment at the University.
  • Mobilising resources (human and financial) for the Faculty.
  • Perform any such function as may be prescribed by the Vice Chancellor.

Research:

  • Science policy research and management of technology development and transfer
  • Commercialisation of scientific research projects
  • Solid waste management

Teaching:

  • Biotechnology Applications
  • Biotechnology
  • Virology and Immunology
  • Environmental Biotechnology

Nov 2011-Aug 2012  

Associate Professor in Biotechnology, Director of Research and Publications, Kigali Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Avenue de I’ Armee, B.P. 3900 Kigali, Rwanda

Responsibilities
Responsible for coordinating research activities and publication services in the Institute; creating a conducive environment for research in the university, actively searching for research opportunities partnerships and network with other universities, industry and other key institutions/organisations in Rwanda and abroad; disseminating/sharing new research opportunities and knowledge from research activities to the public; reviewing and publishing Institute’s annual prospectus; organisation of scientific and educational events for the university such as scientific lectures, seminars, workshops and conferences; encouraging proposal writing and responses to calls; and active participation in various committees in the university.

Teaching: Cell Biology, Microbial Physiology, Industrial and Agricultural Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Food Microbiology and other courses
Research: Microbiological and biochemical changes during production of traditional banana beer and wine and their improvement in Rwanda; Microbial quality of foods sold in restaurants in Kigali, Rwanda; Biogas production efficiency from biogas plants in Rwanda.

Jan 2010 -Aug 2012

Associate Professor of Biotechnology and Head of Department of Applied Biology, KIST

Teaching: Cell Biology, Microbial Physiology, Industrial and Agricultural Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Food Microbiology and other courses
Research: Microbiological and biochemical changes during production of traditional banana beer and wine and their improvement in Rwanda; Microbial quality of foods sold in restaurants in Kigali; Biogas production efficiency from biogas plants in Rwanda.

Administration: Representing the department in various committees in the faculty and the university; Strategic, academic and operational management of the Department; Ensuring scientific, academic and professional education and training of the highest quality; Annual Programme and Modules Review leader.

Reasons for leaving: Joining Bindura University of Science Education as Executive Dean, Faculty of Science

Jan 2008 to Jan 2010

Senior Lecturer
Institute of Food, Nutrition and Family Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box 167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Feb 2005 to Jan 2008

Head of Department, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Family Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box 167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Oct, 1999 to Dec 2007

Lecturer Institute of Food & Nutritional Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box 167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Responsibilities

Teaching: Undergraduate courses: Cell Biology and Immunology, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Basic Microbiology, Food Microbiology, Food Fermentations, Food Biotechnology, Fruit and Vegetable Technology, Quality Assurance, Product Development

MSc taught courses: Water Microbiology and Waste(water) Treatment, Advanced Fermentation, Environmental Biotechnology, Biogas Technology for Sustainable Development. Developed modules for these courses. Coordinate the teaching and running of undergraduate courses in the department; Act as internal examiner for undergraduate and postgraduate students; Contributing to the enhancement of quality teaching within the subject and department or faculty, ensuring that course design and delivery comply with the appropriate benchmarks and regulations.

Research: Biological treatment of organic waste and wastewater, Biofuels production from agricultural, municipal and industrial waste(water); Microbiology of traditionally fermented foods, Food quality and safety;
Use of indigenous fruits and vegetables to develop innovative products and to improve the nutritional status of people.

Administrative: Head of Department for 3 years, Represented the department in various committees in the faculty and the university; Strategic, academic and operational management of the Department; Ensuring scientific, academic and professional education and training of the highest quality.

Other: Coordinate and facilitate short courses related to food and nutrition in the department; Advisory and consultancy services to the food industry; Advise and work together with some government ministries and NGOs on certain issues pertaining to food and environment.

Reasons of leaving: Broadening international teaching and research experience

April 2009 – Jan 2010

Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in Fermentation Process Development,
Departments of Process Engineering and Microbiology, University of Stellenbosch, P. Bag X1 7602, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Responsibilities

Research: Evaluation of steam-treated giant bamboo for bioethanol production.Yeast adaptation for pretreated lignocellulose hydrolysate fermentation for bioethanol production; Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of lignocellulose materials for bioethanol production; Bioconversion of Municipal Solid Waste to Energy (bioethanol and biogas); Supervision of postgraduate students; Developing new areas of research within the research group; Contribute significantly to the publication of research outputs from current and previous projects.

Teaching: Biogas Technology for Sustainable Development to the MSc in Sustainable Development and conducting tutorials in Bioethanol, Biodiesel and Biogas Technologies in the same MSc programme.

Reasons for leaving: End of contract

Jan 2008–Dec 2008

Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Environmental Biotechnology
Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124 SE-221 00 Lund, SWEDEN.

Responsibilities
Carrying out research in anaerobic digestion of pulp and paper sludge biomass for biogas production; anaerobic treatment of methanolic wastewater from pulp and paper industry. I was applying hydrolytic commercial enzymes to hydrolysis sludge biomass for improved biogas production and waste management at laboratory scale. I was also supervising a PhD student.

Reasons of leaving: End of contract

1997-1999

Lecturer Department of Biological Sciences, Midlands State University, Zimbabwe

Responsibilities
Teaching: General Microbiology, Food Microbiology, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Immunology, The Diversity of Plants, The Diversity of Animals.
Administration: Academic administration and engagement in departmental activities.

Reason for leaving: Joining the University of Zimbabwe as a Lecturer to be staff developed through PhD training.

1992-1997

Senior Laboratory Technician/ Research Associate
Department of Biochemistry, University of Zimbabwe P.O. Box MP167 Mt. Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe University of Zimbabwe

Responsibilities
Carrying out research work in the Food and Fermentation Laboratory. Preparation of materials, equipment, reagents for class practicals for B.Sc. Biochemistry students and Medical students, Buying and carrying out inventory of departmental equipment and chemicals, supervision of junior staff.
Reasons for leaving: Joining the Midlands University as a Lecturer (marking the beginning of my academic career)

EDUCATION & TRAINING

April 2009 – December 2009

Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in Fermentation Process
Development, Departments of Process Engineering and Microbiology, University of Stellenbosch, P. Bag X1 7602, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Jan 2008- Dec 2008

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, Sweden

Jan 2002-Dec 2004

Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering specializing in Environmental Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, Lunds Tekniska Hogskola, Lund University, Sweden. Title of thesis: ‘Anaerobic treatment of agricultural residues and wastewater: Application of high-rate reactors’. ISBN: 91-89627-28-8.
http://www.lub.lu.se/luft/diss/tec_848/tec_848_kappa.pdf
Sponsored by SIDA/SAREC scholarships

PhD Courses

  • Environmental Biotechnology, Process and Plant Design; Biochemistry;
  • Studied Information Management and Reading Skills; Biosensor Technology; Hazards in the Chemical Research Laboratory; Seven Challenges for
  • Sustainability; Technical Writing for Publication; Microbial Ecology.

1995-1996

MSc in Biotechnology, University of Zimbabwe
Courses studied General Microbiology, Recombinant DNA Technology, Advanced Recombinant DNA Technology, Enzyme Technology, Immunology, Downstream Processing, Plant Biotechnology, and Advanced Fermentation Technology.

Title of MSc. Thesis: Protease production by thermophilic bacteria isolated from Chimanimani hot springs in Zimbabwe.
Sponsored by SIDA/SAREC scholarship

1989-1991

BSc Honours in Biological Sciences, University of Zimbabwe
Major Courses Industrial Microbiology, Parasitology and Genetics and Molecular Biology, Environmental Microbiology,

Awards

2009 Andrew Mellon Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, Department of Process Engineering, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

2008 International Foundation for Science (IFS) Postdoctoral Fellowship- 2008, Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, Sweden
2002-2004 SIDA/SAREC PhD Scholarship, Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, Sweden
1995-1997 SIDA/SAREC MSc scholarship, Department of Biochemistry, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

ADMINISTRATION AND EXTENSION ACTIVITIES EXPERIENCE

University Service

February 2013 to Present
Member of Council, Bindura University of Science Education;
Member of Executive of Council, Bindura University of Science Education;
Member of Senate (KIST, BUSE);
Member of Senate Executive Committee (Academic Committee) (KIST, BUSE);
Member of Campus Development Committee (KIST, BUSE);
Dean of Deans at Bindura University;
Member of Salaries and Conditions of Service Committee (BUSE)
Member of Academic Staff Promotions Committee (KIST, BUSE)
Member of Academic Support Staff Promotions Committee (BUSE)
Chairman of Senate Regulations Sub-Committee (KIST, BUSE)
Member of Tender Valuation Committee (BUSE)
Member of Academic Appointment Board (BUSE)
Member of Extension Services Committee (BUSE)
Member of Teaching and Learning Method Committee (KIST, BUSE)
Member of Planning Committee (KIST, BUSE)
Member of Staff Development Committee (KIST, BUSE)
Member of Committee on Academic Ceremonies (KIST, BUSE)
Member of Sports Academy Board (BUSE)
Member of Administrators Committee (BUSE)
Member of Furniture Needs Committee (BUSE)
Member of Quality Assurance Committee (KIST, BUSE)

November 2011 to August 2012

Director of Research and Publications, Kigali Institute of Science and Technology, Kigali Rwanda

Jan 2010 to October 2011

Head of the Department of Applied Biology, Kigali Institute of Science and Technology

Feb 2005 to January 2008

  • Head, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Family Sciences, University of Zimbabwe,
  • Faculty of Science Representative on the University Staff Development and Welfare Committee
  • Departmental Representative on the Faculty of Science Higher Degrees Committee
  • Course Coordinator- BSc Food Science 4th Year Honours
  • Member of the MSc Biotechnology Board

External Examiner for 2015 to 2018 Academic Years
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Namibia, Namibia. Responsible for moderating all undergraduate examination papers for BSc BSc Honours degree in Environmental Biology and BSc in Microbiology; and examination papers for MSc in Microbiology, moderating marking of scripts for the same examinations, moderating marking of final year research projects and submitting reports to the Vice Chancellor of UNAM.

External Examiner for 2011 to 2016 Academic Years
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Responsible for moderating all undergraduate examination papers for BSc General, BSc Honours degree in Microbiology and BSc Honours degree in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology; and some examination papers for MSc in Integrated Environmental Management, moderating marking of scripts for the same examinations, moderating marking of final year research projects and submitting reports to the College Principal of Natural and Applied Sciences.

PhD Thesis External Examiner, University of Namibia, Department of Molecular Biological Sciences. Candidate: Jean Damascene Uzabakiriho, PhD thesis title: ‘The Diversity and Distribution of T. esculentum (Marama bean) endophytic bacteria communities’. December 2015.

PhD Thesis External Examiner, University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Candidate: Mutemi Muthangya, PhD thesis title: ‘Oyster mushrooms cultivation, enzymatic and nutritional profiles on saline sisal waste substrate and biogas manure effect on nutritional composition of leafy vegetables’. August 2015.

PhD Thesis External Examiner, University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Candidate: Anslem P. Moshi, PhD thesis title: ‘Bioethanol and Biogas Potential of Wild Cassava, Manhot species: Microbial and Process Conditions for Bioconversion’. December, 2014.

PhD Thesis External Examiner, University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Candidate: Nyangi Chacha, PhD thesis title: Improved fermentation of Pinus patula chipped wood waste pretreated by steam explosion and enzymatic hydrolysis for bioethanol production. February 2014.

MPhil Thesis External Examiner, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Department of Biotechnology. Candidate: Mr Reagan Mudziwapasi. MPhil thesis. Title: Effective use of the indigenous earthworm, Eisenia fetida in vermin filtration of municipal raw sewage. 2016.

MSc Thesis External Examiner, University of South Africa, Department of Environmental Sciences. Candidate: Grace Zvinowanda MSc Thesis Title: Characterization and Bioremediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soils: A Case of Murowa Diamonds Mine. 2016.

MSc Thesis External Examiner, University of Namibia, Department of Biological Sciences. Candidate: Ms Isabella Shaningika Etuhole Ueitele. MSc thesis. Title: Genetic and mycological characterisation of Trametes species from Northern Namibia. 2016.

MSc External Examiner for Mr Robert Gumisiriza, MSc in Biotechnology thesis, University of Dar es Salaam, 2009; Ms Jovice Mkuchu, MSc in Integrated Environmental Management thesis, 2012; Ms Upendo Herman Lauwo, MSc in Integrated Environmental Management thesis, 2012.

MPhil Internal Examiner for an MPhil Thesis, by Lucas Tivana, IFNFS, University of Zimbabwe “A study of heap fermentation and protein enrichment of cassava.

MSc Internal Examiner: (i) Two MSc degree (Water Resources and Environment Management) theses (Nkubito Damascene Jean and Nkambule Nhlanhla Mmiso), Department of Civil Engineering, University of Zimbabwe. (ii) Examined two MSc in Biotechnology theses: Norman Muzhinji and Victor Ntuli, University of Zimbabwe. 2006.

Member of The UNESCO Natural Sciences Standing Committee, 2015-2018, appointed by the Zimbabwe National Commission.
Responsible for promoting the UNESCO Natural Sciences programmes and activities focusing on promotion of scientific and technological research, sound environment and natural resources management among other issues.

Director of Research and Publications, KIST, (November 2011 to August 2012). Responsible for coordinating research activities and publication services in the Institute; creating a conducive environment for research in the university, actively searching for research opportunities partnerships and network with other universities, industry and other key institutions/organisations in Rwanda and abroad; disseminating/sharing new research opportunities and knowledge from research activities to the public; reviewing and publishing Institute’s annual prospectus; organisation of scientific and educational events for the university such as scientific lectures, seminars, workshops and conferences; encouraging proposal writing and responses to calls; and active participation in various committees in the university.

Editor-in-Chief Southern Africa Journal of Education, Science and Technology (ISSN: 1819-3692 (Print) from April 2013 to present. Responsible for implementation of the Journal editorial policy, overseeing the establishment and maintenance of quality control on all aspects of publishing (including scientific content, grammatical and stylistic precision, ethical and scientific standards), reviewing, accepting and suggesting prospective reviewers of manuscripts submitted to SAJEST, outreach to authors, strategic development of the journal, calling for manuscripts for the different volumes of the journal, communication with authors, etc.

Editor-in-Chief KIST Journal of Science and Technology (ISSN: 2225-8639- Print; ISSN: 2225-8647-Online) from February 2011 to August 2012. Responsible for implementation of the Journal editorial policy, overseeing the establishment and maintenance of quality control on all aspects of publishing (including scientific content, grammatical and stylistic precision, ethical and scientific standards), reviewing, accepting and suggesting prospective reviewers of manuscripts submitted to KJST, outreach to authors, strategic development of the journal, calling for manuscripts for the different volumes of the journal, communication with authors, etc.

Member of the Editorial Board of Journal of Science, Technology and Technopreneurship (JSTT) of the Harare Institute of Technology (HIT) Jan 2012 – to present.

Member of the Editorial Board of Tanzania Journal of Science 18 May 2010 to June 2012. Responsible for reviewing and suggesting prospective reviewers of manuscripts in my area of specialisation.

Reviewer of research manuscripts/articles: Biotechnology Progress, Renewable Energy, Fuel, Journal of Brewing Science, Bioresource Technology, Process Biochemistry, Industrial Crops and Products, Journal of Advanced Research, Biotechnology Advances, Biomass and Bioenergy, African Journal of Biotechnology, African Journal of Food Science, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, Agriculture, Food, and Analytical Bacteriology, Energy Conversion and Management, Bioprocessing and Biotechniques; Chemical Engineering Journal, Journal of Waste Management, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Current Microbiology, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, Journal of Water and Health, The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, British Microbiology Research Journal, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules; Enzymes and Microbial Technology, Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Journal of Water and Health, Waste Management, Engineering, Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, etc.

Member of Technical Committee H12: Hazardous Waste Management, Standard Association of Zimbabwe.
Compiled the IFNFS student information handbook (2002) and reviewed it in 2005
Reviewer of Module 202: Honours in Applied Biology Practical Workbook, Introduction to Microbiology for Zimbabwe Open University
Coordinator and Facilitator- Short course on Food Inspection, IFNFS 30th May-3rd June 2005: Presented paper entitled “Introduction to Food Microbiology”.
Coordinator and Facilitator – Short course on Food safety for catering staff, Department of Accommodation and Catering Services, 22nd -27th August 2005.
Coordinator and Facilitator in-house training on Food Microbiology and Food Fermentations for Anchor Yeast (Pvt Ltd), August 2007
Member of the Biotechnology Association of Zimbabwe
Coordinator and Facilitator – Short course on Food safety for Sheraton Harare Hotel catering staff, 7-9 December 2005. Presented papers entitled 1. “Introduction to Food Microbiology” and 2. “Food Poisoning”
Resource Person, University Teaching & Learning Centre, Foundation Course Programme for Newly Appointed Lecturers, “Importance of Practical Work”, 7th February 2006, 14th June 2006.
Coordinated the preparation and modification of 3 year BScDFS and BSCDN into 4 year BScDFS and BScDN.

PUBLICATIONS IN REFEREED INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS

  1. Alufasi R., Chingwaru W., Chakauya E., Lebea P., Parawira W., Gere J. (2016). Mechanisms of pathogen removal by macrophytes: A review. Environmental Technology, in Press.
  2. Manhokwe S., Parawira W., Zvidzai C., (2015), Aerobic mesophilic treatment of potato industry wastewater, International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 7(7): 92-100.
  3. Badshah, M., Parawira, W., Mattiasson, B., (2012), Anaerobic treatment of methanol condensate
    from pulp mill compared with anaerobic treatment of methanol using mesophilic UASB reactors, Bioresource Technology, 125: 318–327 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.08.109
  4. Parawira W, Tusiime D. and Binomugisha S. (2012). Microbial and biochemical changes occurring during production of traditional Rwandese banana beer ‘Urwagwa’. Fermentation Technology, 1(3):1-4.
  5. Zvauya Remigio, Muronde William, Holst Olle and Parawira Wilson (2012) Isolation and characterization of a novel moderately thermophilic bacterium from a hot spring in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(62): 12571-12578.
  6. Parawira W. (2012). Enzyme research and applications in biotechnological intensification of biogas production. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 32 (2): 172-186. Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/07388551.2011.595384
  7. Parawira W and Zvauya R. (2012). Production and characterization of protease enzyme produced by a moderate thermophilic bacterium (EP1001) isolated from Chimanimani alkaline hot springs, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 6(27): 5542- 5551.
  8. Hapazari I, Ntuli V, and Parawira W. (2011). Evaluation of single-step steam pyrolysis- activated carbons from Lesotho agroforestry residues. Tanzania Journal of Science, 37: 120-128.
    María García-Aparicio, Wilson Parawira, Eugene Van Rensburg, Danie Diedericks, Mats Galbe, Christian Rosslander, Guido Zacchi and Johann Görgens. (2011). Evaluation of steam-treated giant bamboo for bioethanol production. Biotechnology Progress, 27(3): 641-649.
  9. Parawira W. and Tekere M. (2011) Biotechnological strategies to overcome inhibitors in lignocellulose hydrolysates for ethanol production: review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 31(1): 20-31.
  10. Chipurura, B., Muchuweti, M., Parawira, W. and Kasiyamhuru, A. (2011) An assessment of the phenolic content, composition and antioxidant capacity of Bidens Pilosa, Cleome Gynandra, Corchorus Olitorius, Galinsoga Parviflora and Amaranthus HYBRIDUS. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 911:417-426
    http://www.actahort.org/books/911/911_48.htm
  11. Mshandete AM, and Parawira W. (2010) Biogas: sustainable alternative renewable energy of today and the future in Africa – A review. Annals of Arid Zone, 49(3&4): 217-239
  12. Parawira W. (2010) Biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas: A Review. Scientific Research and Essays, 5(14):1796-1808.
  13. Parawira W. and Mpandi Khosa E. (2009) Biotechnology research, development, applications and management in Zimbabwe. Scientific Research and Essays, 4(9): 825-841.
  14. Parawira W. (2009) Biotechnological production of biodiesel fuel using biocatalysed transesterification: A review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 29(2):81-93.
  15. Parawira W. (2009) Biogas technology in Africa: status, prospects and constraints. Reviews in Environmental Sciences and Bio/Technology, 8(2):187-200.
  16. Manhokwe S, Parawira, W and Tekere, M (2009) An evaluation of a mesophilic rector for treating wastewater from a Zimbabwean potato-processing plant. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 3(4): 91-96.
  17. Kutyauripo J., Parawira W., Tinofa S., Kudita I., Ndengu C. (2009) Investigation of shelf-life extension of sorghum beer (Chibuku) by removing the second malt conversion. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 129:271-276.
  18. Muchuweti M, Kasiyamhuru A, Benhura MAN, Chipurura B, Amuna P, Zotor F, Parawira W. (2009) Assessment of the nutritional value of wild leafy vegetables consumed in the Buhera district of Zimbabwe: a preliminary study. Acta Horticulturae, 806 (Proceedings of the International Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security, Nutrition, Income and Sustainable Development, 2008, Volume 1), 323-329.
  19. Mshandete A. and Parawira W. (2009) Biogas technology research in selected sub-Saharan African countries – a review. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8:116-125.
  20. Parawira W. and Muchuweti M. (2008) An overview of the trend and status of food science and technology research in Zimbabwe over a period of 30 years. Scientific Research and Essays, 3:599-612.
  21. Parawira W. (2008) The status and trends in food, industrial and environmental biotechnology research in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7:1377-1384.
  22. Parawira W., Read J. S., Mattiasson B., and Björnsson L. (2008) Energy production from agricultural residues: high methane yields in pilot scale two-stage anaerobic digestion. Biomass and Bioenergy, 32:44-50.
  23. Parawira W., Read J. S., Murto M., and Mattiasson B. (2007) A study of two-stage anaerobic digestion of solid potato waste using reactors under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. Environmental Technology, 28:1205-1216.
  24. Makaya E., Hoko Z., Parawira W. and Svotwa E. (2007) An assessment of the effectiveness of biological nutrient removal from wastewater: A case for Hatcliffe sewage treatment works in Zimbabwe. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry (EJEAFChe), 6:2409-2419.
  25. Parawira W., Murto M., Zvauya R. and Mattiasson B. (2006) Comparative performance of a UASB reactor and an anaerobic packed-bed reactor when treating potato waste leachate. Renewable Energy, 36:893-903.
  26. Parawira W., Read J. S., Murto M. and Mattiasson B. (2005) Profile of hydrolases and biogas production during two-stage mesophilic anaerobic digestion of solid potato waste. Process Biochemistry, 40:2945-2952.
  27. Parawira W., Kudita I., Nyandoroh M. G. and Zvauya R. (2005) A study of industrial anaerobic treatment of opaque beer brewery wastewater in tropical climate using a full scale UASB reactor seeded with activated sludge. Process Biochemistry, 40:593-599.
  28. Parawira W., Read J. S., Murto M. and Mattiasson B. (2004) Volatile fatty acid production during anaerobic mesophilic digestion of solid potato waste. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 79: 673-677.
  29. Parawira W., Murto M., Zvauya R. and Mattiasson B. (2004) Anaerobic batch digestion of solid potato waste alone and in combination with sugar beet leaves. Renewable Energy, 29(11): 1811-1823.
  30. Mugochi T., Parawira W., Mpofu A., Simango C. and Zvauya R. (1999) Survival of some species of Salmonella and Shigella in mukumbi, a traditional Zimbabwean wine. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 50:451-455.
  31. Zvauya R., Mugochi T. and Parawira W. (1997) Microbial and biochemical changes occurring during production of masvusvu and mangisi, traditional Zimbabwean beverages. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 51:43-51.
  32. Zvauya R., Parawira W. and Mawadza C. (1994) Aspects of aerobic thermophilic treatment of Zimbabwean opaque-beer brewery wastewater. Short Communication. Bioresource Technology, 48:273-274.

Non-Refereed Publications (Edited)

  1. Parawira W. (2016) Mapping Zim’s Innovation, Commercialisation of Technology. The Sunday Mail, 11th September 2016.
  2. Parawira W. (2016) Students urged to enter Science, Mathematics Olympiads. The Herald, 22nd July 2016.
  3. Parawira W. (2016) Are you ready for a STEM career? Feature The Sunday Mail 21st and 28th February 2016.
  4. Parawira W. and Dzomba P. (2016) Practical work vital in teaching STEM subjects. Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development, STEM Supplement. The Sunday Mail, 7 February 2016.
  5. Parawira W. (2016) Science is our Natural World. Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development, STEM Supplement. The Sunday Mail 14 February 2016.

BOOKS AND BOOK CHAPTERS

  • Anaerobic treatment of agricultural residues and wastewater: Application of high-rate reactors’. PhD thesis. ISBN: 91-89627-28-8. Lund University, Sweden
    http://www.lub.lu.se/luft/diss/tec_848/tec_848_kappa.pdf

Book Chapters

  • Parawira W, Tirivanhu D, and Magadzire F. 2014. Waste Management, Chapter 7: In: Zimbabwe’s Fourth State of Environment and Outlook Report 2008-2012. Ed. Feresu S.B.
    Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate. Government of Zimbabwe.
  • Amigun B, Parawira W, Musango J and Adebare B S. 2011. Anaerobic biogas generation for rural area energy provision in Africa in Biogas ISBN 979-953-307-221-9. In Tech open science | open minds d.o.o. T/FE www.intechweb.org Janeza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
    http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/anaerobic-biogas-generation-for-rural-area-energy-provision-in-africa

CONFERENCE, WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS and INVITED LECTURES

Research and Intellectual Expo, Science Engineering, and Technology (RIOSET) 2016 edition. Orgainsed by ZIMCHE and Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science, and Technology Development 31 August to 3 September 2016, National University of Science and Technology. Presented a keynote address ’Innovation and Commercialisation of International Training Workshop on Commercialisation of Technology, Tehran Iran. 22-26 Technology’.
May 2016. Organised by Centre for Science and Technology of The Non- Aligned and Other Developing Countries (NAM S&T Centre), New Delhi, India and Pardis Technology Park, Tehran, Iran. Presented a paper entitled “Proposed Manual on Set of Incentives and Policy Instruments Aimed at Promotion of Innovations and Commercialisation of Research and Development for The Government of Zimbabwe”.
National Mathematics Conference, Organised by Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education, Cresta Lodge, Harare, 5-6 May 2016. Presented a paper entitled “Mathematics Olympiads: The Zimbabwean Experience”.

Convention on Match-fixing and Corruption in Sport. Organised by the Ministry of Sport and Recreation. 21-22 March 2016. Harare Rainbow Towers. Harare Zimbabwe.
CODVEST 2015. 6th Conference of Vice Chancellors and Deans of Science, Engineering, and Technology. Theme: “University Education and Training in Science, Engineering, and Technology in Africa- Post 2015”. 5-6th October 2015. Organized by UNESCO, African Network of Scientific and Technological Institutions and University of Nigeria, NSUKKA, Nikke Lake Resort Hotel. Enungu, Nigeria. Presented a paper entitled “Perspectives on Making SETI Relevant for youth Employability Post 2015”

6th Association of African Universities (AAU) Management Development Training Workshop (MADEV VI), University of Malawi (UNIMA), August 24-27, 2015.

Biofuels Research and Applications: Is Sub-Saharan Africa getting there? Invited African Visiting Scholar Lecture, 22nd August 2014, Department of Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, University of South Africa, UNISA.

Parawira W. Biofuels Research and Applications: Is Sub-Saharan Africa getting there? Research and Intellectual Expo, 2-5 September, 2015. National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Zimbabwe.

First Southern Africa Sub-Regional Conference on Quality Assurance in Higher Education. Theme: “Development and Enhancement of Quality Assurance Systems in Higher Education in the Southern Africa Region”. 3-4 July 2014, A’Zambezi Hotel, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe organized by Zimbabwe Council for Higher Education (ZIMCHE)

Parawira W. Global Status of Biotechnology, Benefits, Threats and Opportunities. Policy Makers and Stakeholders Biotechnology Awareness Workshop. Harare International Conference Centre, 28th March 2014. Organised by National Biotechnology Authority of Zimbabwe

CODVEST 2013. 5th Conference of Vice Chancellors and Deans of Science, Engineering and Technology. Theme: “Enhancing Capacity in Science, Technology and Engineering in response to emerging industrial and Socio-Economic needs of Africa- The Role of Universities and Research Institutions”. 7-8th November 2013. Organized by UNESCO, African Network of Scientific and Technological Institutions and University of Botswana. Gaborone International Convention Centre, Gaborone Botswana.

Ndavambi, C.T., Banda, P.T., Parawira, W. Determination of milk components lost in whey during the manufacture of three cheese types. Second RUFORUM Biennial Meeting, 20 – 24 September 2010, Entebbe, Uganda.

Maria Garcia-Aparicio, Eugene Van Rensburg, Wilson Parawira, W. H. van Zyl and Johann F. Gorgens. (2010) Optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of SO2- steam-exploded giant bamboo for bioethanol production by xylose-fermenting yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y294-X-1-Proto. 32nd Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, Clearwater Beach, Florida, USA. April 19-22.
http://www.simhq.org/meetings/sbfc2010/index.asp

Ester Mpandi-Khosa and Wilson Parawira (2008). Biotechnology status in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the African Conference on Biotechnology, Tripoli – Libya, 22-24 June.

Parawira W., Murto M. and Mattiasson B. (2004). Energy production from agricultural residues: high methane yields in pilot scale two-stage anaerobic digestion. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Anaerobic Digestion, Aug. 29 –Sept. 02, Montreal, Canada, pp.1051-1057.

Mugochi T., Parawira W., and Zvauya R. (2000). Survival of some species of Salmonella and Shigella in mukumbi, a traditional Zimbabwean wine. Proceedings of the BIOY2K Biotechnology Conference, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, Jan. 23-28.

Parawira W. and Zvauya R. (1997). Production and characterization of protease enzyme produced by a moderate thermophilic bacteria (EP1001) isolated from Chimanimani alkaline hot springs, Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the Second Grahamstown Conference Biotechnology and Development in Southern Africa. Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa January 21-24.

Parawira W. and Zvauya R. (1994). Aspects of aerobic thermophilic treatment of Zimbabwean opaque-beer brewery wastewater. Proceedings of the ECSAFOsT Food Science and Technology Conference, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, September 12-16.

Consultancy

Individual local expert Global Observatory on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Instruments (GO-SPIN) survey; STI commercialization policy instruments and STI monitoring and database model for Zimbabwe. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development, Government of Zimbabwe. 2014.

The consultancy resulted in the production of: Mapping Research and Innovation in the Republic of Zimbabwe. GO- SPIN Country Profiles in Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy Volume 2. Published in 2014 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002288/228806e.pdf

Individual local expert: UNESCO Manual a Manual on Incentives and Policy Instruments for the Promotion of Innovations and Technology Transfer. Published 2014.

POSTGRADUATE SUPERVISION (RESEARCH ADVISORY)

2015 MSc in Biotechnology
Kanganwiro Mugwanda In-vitro assessment of the probiotic potential of Lactic Acid Bacteria isolated from Sorghum mahewu. Faculty of Science, Biochemistry Department, University of Zimbabwe.

2009-2010 MSc Dairy Science and Technology, Ndavambi Claudios T. The physical-chemical properties and environmental implications of dairy effluent of a small-scale dairy processing plant in Harare. Faculties of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe.

2009 MSc in Process Engineering Thesis
Jeanne du Preez, Treatment of dairy wastewater using anaerobic digestion.
Department of Process Engineering, Stellenbosch University.

2008-2012 PhD studies
Mr. Malik Badshah, Biogas production from pulp and paper sludge and methanolic wastewater. Environmental Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

2008 – 2009 MPhil Thesis
Mr. B. Chipurura “Assessment of free radical scavenging capacity, phenolic quantity and quality and nutritional composition of indigenous vegetables of Zimbabwe”. Institute of Food, Nutrition and Family Sciences (IFNFS), University of Zimbabwe.

2006-2007 MSc Biotechnology Thesis
Mr. Josphat Kutyauripo – “Study on the shelf life extension of sorghum beer (Chibuku): The effects of removing second conversion malt and increasing pasteurisation time during brewing.” IFNFS, University of Zimbabwe
2006-2007 MSc Biotechnology thesis
Mr. Sheppard Manhokwe – “Evaluation of biological treatment methods for potato wastewater” IFNFS, University of Zimbabwe.

2006 MSc in Integrated Water Resource Management thesis
Mr. E. Makaya “An assessment of the effectiveness of biological nutrient removal from wastewater: A case for Hatcliffe Sewage Treatment Works in Zimbabwe”, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Zimbabwe.

2004 MSc in Biotechnology Thesis
Ms Ampai Kumlanghan – Anaerobic wastewater treatment-lab-scale. Environmental Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, Sweden.

For more information regarding our programmes and services, please contact the Executive Dean on:

Email: wparawira@buse.ac.zw or parawiradr@yahoo.co.uk
Phone: +263 716 800026 or +263 782 708530

Physical Address
Bindura University of Science Education
FSE Complex, Shashi View
Bindura

Postal Address
Bindura University of Science Education
Faculty of Science
P. Bag 1020
Bindura