Prof. Desmond Manatsa

Professor Desmond Manatsaphone:+263773275334


Prof. Desmond Manatsa

  • PhD in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences (University of Tokyo, Japan)
  • MSc in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, with distinction (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
  • MSc in Climatology and Weather Forecasting, with excellence (Russian State University of Hydrometeorology, St Petersburg, Russia).

Department of Geography
Astra Campus, Trojan Rd
Bindura University of Science Education
P. Bag 1020


Prof. Manatsa is a Senior Lecturer at Bindura University of Science Education. His first employer was the Zimbabwe Meteorological Services as a Senior Meteorologist where he was the head of the Central Forecasting Office before being promoted to head the Climate Services Section. He joined Bindura University of Science Education after leaving the Meteorological Services in 2004.

Prof. Manatsa did his first degree at the Russian State University of Hydrometeorology where he graduated with the title of Engineer Meteorologist (with Excellence). He later went to the University of Cape Town in South Africa, where he did his Master’s Degree in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences and graduated with a Distinction. He then proceeded to do his PhD with the University of Tokyo in Japan where he was honoured with a gold medal award after successful completion of studies by his PhD Scholarship sponsors, the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Overseas Fellowships of Japan.

As an academic, he has published 54 articles in scientific refereed journals, compiled a book on hazards which is being used in Zimbabwe secondary schools. He is also a reviewer of 12 scientific refereed journals and has done more than 10 international consultancies. He led the research to come with, ‘New Agroecological Regions of Zimbabwe’, ‘Build Resilience to Climate Change using Cyclone Idai devastation as case study”, develop the national adaptation process to feed into the National Adaptation Plan and develop ‘Drought Mapping and Early Warning System for Zimbabwe’. His main contribution to international scientific research was a paper which was published in the Journal of Nature as the first author on the ‘Ozone hole warming of summer temperatures over southern Africa’ which was the first published work to establish a link between the Ozone hole and the summer temperatures of southern Africa. His research interests are climatology, ocean atmosphere interactions, climate of east and southern Africa, the science of climate change and natural hazards.

Published Research Work in Peer Reviewed Scientific Journals.

  1. Manatsa D., Chingombe W., 2005: Spatial and Temporal Trend of Rainfall-Runoff relationship in the upper Mazoe catchment: 1976-1996. Geographical Journal of Zimbabwe. No 35/36.
  2. Manatsa D., Chingombe W., 2006: A Vulnerability profile of hydrometeorological extremes for Central Southern Africa: A case study of Matabeleland South Province in Zimbabwe Geographical Journal of Zimbabwe. No 37/38
  3. Chigwenya A, Manatsa D. 2007: The History of Natural Resource Management in Zimbabwe: A Chronicle of How Sustainable Resource Management has remained an Elusive Concept. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. Vol 9, No 2.
  4. Manatsa D., Chingombe W, Matsikwa H, Matarira CH, 2008: The Superior influence of Darwin Sea Level pressure anomalies over ENSO as a simple Drought predictor for southern Africa. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol 9 No 1-2.
  5. Manatsa D., Chingombe W, Matariara CH, 2008: The impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole on Zimbabwe Droughts. International Journal of Climatology, Royal Meteorological Society, Vol 28, 2011 – 2029, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1695.
  6. Manatsa D., Matarira CH, 2009: Changing dependence of Zimbabwean rainfall variability on ENSO and the Indian Ocean Dipole/zonal mode. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-009-0114-1.
  7. Manatsa D., Mukwada G., Siziva E., Chinyanganya T. 2010: Analysis of Multidimensional aspects of agricultural Droughts in Zimbabwe using the Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI). Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-010-0262-2.
  8. Manatsa D., Matarira CH, Mukwada G., 2010: Relative Impact of ENSO and Indian Ocean Dipole/zonal mode on east SADC rainfall. International Journal of Climatology, Royal Meteorological Society, DOI: 10.1002/joc.2086.
  9. Mavhura E*, Zinyandu T, Chinyanganya TP, Manatsa D, Manyani A, Siziba E., 2010. A comparative study of the teaching and learning of physical and human Geograpgy at Advanced level in rural secondary schools in Makonde District in Mashonaland West. Southern African Journal of Science Education and Technology Vol 4, No 7.
  10. Ndlovu S, Mpofu V, Manatsa D., 2010: Mapping ground water aquifers using dowsing, slingram electromagnetic survey method and vertical sounding jointly in the granite rock formation: A case of Metshetshe rural area in Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa Vol 12, No 5.
  11. Manatsa D., Reason CJC, Mukwada G, 2011: On the decoupling of the IODZM from southern African rainfall variability. International Journal of Climatology, Royal Meteorological Society, DOI: 10.1002/joc.2306.
  12. Manatsa D., Nyakudya IW, Mukwada G.Matsikwa H, 2011: Estimating maize Yield in Zimbabwe using Satellite data. Journal of Natural Hazards, DOI: 10.1007/s11069-011-9765-0.
  13. Manatsa D, B Chipindu and S. K Behera (2012). Shifts in IOD and their Impacts on Association with East Africa Rainfall. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-012-0610-5.
  14. Manatsa D, Mukwada G (2012). Rainfall Mechanisms for the Dominant Rainfall Mode over Zimbabwe Relative to ENSO and/or IODZM. The Scientific World Journal doi:10.1100/2012/926310.
  15. Manatsa D. Unganai L, Gadzirai C (2012). An innovative tailored Seasonal Rainfall forecasting production in Zimbabwe. Journal of Natural Hazards, DOI: 10.1007/s11069-012-0286-2.
  16. Mukwada G and D Manatsa (2012). Assessment of Community based Natural Resource Management in the Savannas using the capacity continuum-Multiple Drivers Model. Journal of Human Ecology, vol 40(1): 69-84.
  17. Matarira C, Deepa P, Shava E, Manatsa D. (2013) Socio Economic impacts of Climate Change on Subsistence communities in Lesotho. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management. DOI: 10.1108/IJCCSM-06-2012-0034.
  18. Manatsa D. and SK Behera (2013). On the epochal strengthening in the relationship between rainfall of East Africa and IOD. Journal of Climate, Doi 1175/JCLI-D-12-00568.1.
  19. Unganai LS, Troni L, Manatsa D, Mukarakate D (2013). Tailoring seasonal climate forecasts for climate risk management in rainfed farming systems of southeast Zimbabwe. Journal of Climate and Development. Doi 1080/17565529.2013.801823.
  20. Manatsa D, Y Morioka, SK Behera, CH Matarira, T Yamagata (2013) Impact of Mascarene High variability on the East African ‘short rains’. Journal of Climate Dynamics DOI: 10.1007/s00382-013-1848-z
  21. Manatsa D, Yushi Morioka, Swadhin K. Behera, Toshi Yamagata, Caxton H. Matarira (2013). Ozone hole warming of summer temperatures over southern Africa. Nature Geoscience Journal. DOI: 10. 1038/NGEO1968.
  22. Manatsa D and SK Behera (2013). On the major shifts in the IOD during the last Century, the role of the Mascarene High displacements. International Journal of Climatology, The Royal Meteorological Society DOI: 10.1002/joc.3820.
  23. Mavura E, S.B Manyena, A.E.Collins, Manatsa (2013). Indigenous knowledge, coping strategies and resilience to floods in Muzarabani, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2013.07.001.
  24. Mukwada G, Manatsa (2013). Geospatial and temporal analysis of drought years in Zimbabwe, 1940-1999. Geographia Polonica vol. 86, iss. 4, pp. 313-326 doi:
  25. Matarira H, Pullanikkatil D, Kaseke T, Shava E, Manatsa D, (2013) “Socio-economic impacts of climate change on subsistence communities: Some observations from Lesotho”, International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 5, 4, pp.404 – 417 . DOI: 10.1108/IJCCSM-06-2012-0034
  26. Chingombe, W, Pedzisai, E., Manatsa, D, Mukwada G, and Taru P. (2014). A Participatory Approach in GIS Data Collection for Flood Risk Management; Muzarabani District, Zimbabwe. Arabian Journal of Geosciences. DOI 10.1007/s12517-014-1265-6
  27. Matarira C., Shava E., Pedzisai E., Manatsa D (2014). Food insecurity in mountain communities of Lesotho. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition. Vol 9.2. 280-296, doi: 10.1080/19320248.2014.898170
  28. Manatsa D., CH. Matarira, T.D. Mushore , C. Mudavanhu (2014). Southern Africa winter temperature shifts and their link to the Southern Annular Mode”. Journal of Climate Dynamics. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2474-8
  29. Manatsa, Y. Morioka, S. K. Behera, T. D. Mushore, R. Mugandani (2014). Linking the Southern Annular Mode to the Diurnal Temperature Range Shifts over Southern Africa. International Journal of Climatology, The Royal Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1002/joc. 4281.
  30. Mavhura E, Manatsa D and Mushore T (2015). Adaption to Drought in Arid and Semi Arid Environments: Case study of the Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe.  Jamba Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies; 7, No 1, 7 doi:10.4102/ jamba. v7i1.44.
  31. Manatsa D., C. Mudavanhu, T.D. Mushore , E. Mavhura (2015). Linking Major Shifts in East Africa ‘Short Rains’ to the Southern Annular Mode. International Journal of Climatology, The Royal Meteorological Society. DOI:10.1002/joc.4443.
  32. Mudavanhu C. Manyena B.S, Collins A.E, Bongo P., Mavhura E., Manatsa D, Taking Children’s Voices in Disaster Risk Reduction a Step Forward. Int. J. Disaster Risk Sci. DOI: 1007/s13753-015-0060-7
  33. Manatsa D., D. Mushore and A Lenouo (2015). Improved Predictability of Droughts over southern Africa using the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index and ENSO. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-015-1632-6.
  34. Efon, A. Lenouo, D. Monkam and D. Manatsa, (2016). Cloud properties during active and break spells of the west african summer monsoon from CloudSat-CALIPSO measurements, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics,
  35. Mushore D., Manatsa D., Pedzisai E., Mudavanhu C. (2016). Investigating the implications of meteorological indicators of seasonal rainfall performance on maize yield in a rain-fed agricultural system: Case study of Mt Darwin District in Zimbabwe. Theor Appl Climatol DOI 10.1007/s00704-016-1838-2
  36. Manatsa D and Reason CJC. (2016) ENSO-Kalahari Desert linkage on Southern Africa summer Surface Air Temperature variability. International Journal of Climatology, Royal Meteorological Society, DOI: 10.1002/joc.4806.
  37. Mukwada G and Manatsa D. (2016). Acacia mearnsii management in a South African national park: SWOT analysis using hot topics in biological invasion as a guide. Journal of Mountain Science. DOI:1007/s11629-015-3808-z.
  38. Manatsa, G. Mukwada and L Makaba (2016). ENSO related shifts of maximum surface air temperature of Southern Africa. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Climatology. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-017-2112-y
  39. Manatsa D and G. Mukwada (2017). A connection from stratospheric ozone to El Niño-Southern Oscillation. Nature Scientific Reports 7. 5558.Doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-05111-8.
  40. Mukwada G and Manatsa D. (2017). Is Climate Changethe Nemesis of Rural Development?: An Analysis of Patterns and Trends of Zimbabwean Droughts. Chapter. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-56469-2_12. In book: Climate Change, Extreme Events and Disaster Risk Reduction, pp.173-182.
  41. Maponga R, Ahmed F, Manatsa D. (2017). Determination of Veld Fire Hazard Zones in Multiple Tenure Systems in Zimbabwe: Implications for Intervention. Environment and Ecology Research 5(6): 409-421. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2017.050601.
  42. Mavhura E, Manatsa D, Matiashe M, (2017). Adapting smallholder farming to climate change and variability:Household strategies and challenges in Chipinge district, Zimbabwe . Climate Change, 2017, 3(12), 903-913.
  43. Mbiriri, Mukwada G and Manatsa D (2018). Influence of Altitude on the Spatiotemporal Variations of Meteorological Droughts in Mountain Regions of the Free State Province, South Africa (1960–2013). Advances in Meteorology Volume 2018, ID 5206151, 11
  44. Mbiriri M., Mukwada G and Manatsa D. (2018) Spatiotemporal characteristics of severe dry and wet conditions in the Free State Province, South Africa. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-018-2381-0
  45. Mukwada G, Manatsa D. Spatiotemporal analysisof the effect of climate change on vegetation health in the Drakensberg Mountain Region of South Africa. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 190(6). DOI: 10.1007/s10661-018-6660-0.
  46. Mbiriri M., Mukwada G and Manatsa D. (2018) About surface temperature and their shifts in the Free State Province, South Africa (1960–2013). Applied Geography; 97 142-151. Doi:
  47. Manatsa D and Mukwada G. (2019) Spring Ozone’s Connection to South Africa’s Temperature and Rainfall. Frontiers in Earth Science.
  48. Efon E, Wandjie B.S, Lenouo A., Monkam D., Manatsa D.(2020); African Summer Monsoon active and break spells cloud properties: Insight from CloudSat-CALIPSO
  49. Mudavanhu C, Manyangadze T, Mavhura E, Pedzisai E, Manatsa D. Rural households’ vulnerability and risk of flooding in Mbire District, Zimbabwe. Natural Hazards,
  50. Mukwada G, Tailor S.J, Manatsa D, Mahasa P, Robinson G. (2020) Combating food insecurity in a rapidly changing mountain climate environment: insights from Lesotho Climatic Change 163(2):1-18. DOI: 1007/s10584-020-02922-z
  51. Gadzirayi T.C, Manatsa B & Mutandwa (2020)Tailoring conservation farming to climate change in the smallholder farming sector: Case of lowveld areas in Zimbabwe, African Journal of Science, Technology,Innovation and Development, 12:5, 581-590, DOI: 10.1080/20421338.2020.1800242
  52. Mukwada G., Manatsa D., Makwara E. (2021) Integrated Water Resources Management in Southern Africa Two Decades After the Dublin Conference: The Zimbabwean Experience. In: Pandey B.W., Anand S. (eds) Water Science and Sustainability. Sustainable Development Goals Series. Springer, Cham.
  53. Kusangaya S., Mazvimavi D., Shekede M.D., Masunga B., Kunedzimwe F., Manatsa D. (2021) Climate Change Impact on Hydrological Regimes and Extreme Events in Southern Africa. In: Diop S., Scheren P., Niang A. (eds) Climate Change and Water Resources in Africa. Springer, Cham.
  54. D and L. C. Sakala (2021). Harnessing Scientific Knowledge and Technological Innovation for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Sub-Saharan Africa-Case of Social Media. Proceedings of the 4th Global Summit of Disaster Research Institutes for Disaster Risk Reduction. Springer, Disaster and Risk Research: GADRI Book Series.